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      悠悠千古事是中國歷史網,主要收集和分享中國歷史人物故事、歷史名人、歷史故事等。

      以史為鏡,可以知興替,以人為鏡,可以明得失!(www.bjzhmgsls.com)

      當前位置:悠悠千古事 > 戰史風云 > 八國聯軍侵華只有五萬人,清兵八萬義和團幾十萬,為何最后慘敗?

      八國聯軍侵華只有五萬人,清兵八萬義和團幾十萬,為何最后慘敗?

      發布時間:2017-12-15  來源:悠悠千古事 點擊次數:

        從1840年第一次鴉片戰爭爆發后,中國大門就被打開,逐漸淪為半殖民地半封建社會國家,這無疑是被動的。1900年春,清光緒26年,義和團運動成為了八國聯軍侵華戰爭的導火索,以此為借口,八國聯軍以鎮壓義和團之名行瓜分和掠奪中國之實。

        侵華的聯合國軍總人數前后約為5萬人,裝備精良,聲勢浩蕩,1900年,8月14日,北京城徹底淪陷,八國聯軍所到之處,殺人放火、無惡不作!從紫禁城、中南海、頤和園中偷竊和搶掠的珍寶更是不計其數!其中著名的萬園之園“圓明園”繼英法聯軍之后再遭劫掠,終成廢墟。八國聯軍總司令瓦德西在后來也承認,“所有中國此次所受毀損及搶劫之損失,其詳數”。1901年,9月7日,以《辛丑條約》的簽訂為結果,大量金額賠款,中國自此徹底淪為半殖民地半封建社會,

        不過,據了解:當時八國聯軍加起來只有5萬人,而清兵則8萬,義和團10~30萬,就這樣,最后還是敗了,還簽訂喪權辱國的《辛丑條約》,這么大的人數比例,最后的結局不僅讓人思考。是什么原因導致這樣的結果?

        一:無疑還是清政府腐敗。

        政治上,中央集權進一步強化,官僚職能擴大。各級官吏腐敗貪污。官僚地主大肆兼并土地,無地的農民逐漸增多,民生極端極為貧困。文化上,厲行專制主義,大興文字獄。軍事上,軍力衰敗,軍備廢弛,八旗軍基本喪失戰斗力,對外關系,執行閉關鎖國,嚴格限制對外貿易。

        二:中國封建經濟落后

        經濟上:小農經濟,男耕女織,重農抑商,國家壟斷

        政治上:中央集權,皇室專政,等級森嚴,男尊女卑,人治高于法治

        思想上:也還是專制,抑制新思想發展。

        三:軍事技術和裝備落后

        這無疑就是重要原因,清初康熙年間武器還是很發達很先進的,只不過是康熙后來的統治者不重視,閉關自守。(悠悠千古事www.bjzhmgsls.com)而乾隆皇帝就是典型的例子,自認為大清是天朝上國,物產豐厚,這些原因導致中國看不到世界科技的發展,逐漸落后,直到鴉片戰爭爆發被外國用大炮打開國門。

        四:義和團只是民間組織,缺乏統一指揮,人多沒用。

        以上綜合原因說明,慘敗是必然的,只是時間的問題罷了

      與“八國聯軍侵華只有五萬人,清兵八萬義和團幾十萬,為何最后慘敗?”相關內容推薦
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