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      悠悠千古事是中國歷史網,主要收集和分享中國歷史人物故事、歷史名人、歷史故事等。

      以史為鏡,可以知興替,以人為鏡,可以明得失!(www.bjzhmgsls.com)

      當前位置:悠悠千古事 > 戰史風云 > 為什么中法戰爭為什么打贏了還得簽訂不平等條約?

      為什么中法戰爭為什么打贏了還得簽訂不平等條約?

      發布時間:2017-12-15  來源:悠悠千古事 點擊次數:

        自古以來,戰爭就是外交的一種延伸,我們通過戰爭來樹立國際地位,獲得威望和賠款。在中國近代史上,卻有這么一場戰爭,明明取得了勝利,卻依舊免不得重蹈近代史一貫延續的覆轍,這到底是為什么呢?

        中法戰爭,是光緒九年(1885年)中國同法國之間爆發的一次戰爭。戰爭圍繞的焦點是越南的歸屬。早在1858年,法國就通過殖民手段控制了越南,越南被分割為三個部分,南圻,中圻,北圻,南圻直接被法國控制著,但法國人卻不滿足簡單控制南圻,他們想打開中國西南部的通商,清廷與法國之間的矛盾就此種下了。

      越南的三個部分

        越南全境本為清朝的藩屬國,但此時的清朝已經是自顧不暇,雖然光緒時期國際時局穩定,國內的工商業也在蓬勃發展,但仍舊處于對列強的恐懼中,說白了,被打怕了、也因此,對于法國侵吞自己藩屬國一事置若罔聞。

        1873年,法國開始向北方挺近,派將領安鄴逼近越南河內地區,在中國劉永福率領的黑旗軍的抵抗下,擊斃安鄴,法軍大敗。

        第二年,法國與越南簽訂《越法和平同盟條約》,規定法國在越南北圻享有多項權利,并且宣稱法國為越南的保護國,這就相當于否定了清朝的宗主地位,中法戰爭,因此而爆發。

      法國培養的越南陸軍

        1885年4月7日,此時正是清軍大敗法軍于鎮南關的后幾日,老將馮子才正欲南下收復河內(越南首都),卻收到了清政府“乘勝即收”的命令。將士們接令后痛心疾首,卻不知道這是為什么,他們跑到帥帳外寫血書請戰。時人也寫詩譏諷道:“十二金牌事,于金復見之。”嘲笑清政府和那用十二道金牌要求岳飛撤兵的宋高宗如出一轍。馮子材最終飲恨撤軍。

      老將馮子材,鎮南關大捷的奠定者

        1885年1月,清政府與法國停戰,同年6月9日,雙方簽訂《中法新約》,內容承認了法國對于越南的管理事宜和統治地位。

        許多后人都痛心道,清政府昏聵無能,國家受辱數十年,好不容易能夠揚眉吐氣一番,卻被清政府所擾,“法國不勝而勝,中國不敗而敗”便是當時或者很多后人對這場戰爭的評價。

        但事實真的是這樣嗎?如果單從陸軍方面來看,中國軍隊的確打得可圈可點,鎮南關大捷收復了諒山一帶,直逼越南首都河內,但在海軍方面,福建水師在半小時內就被法國海軍擊敗,全軍覆沒。(悠悠千古事www.bjzhmgsls.com)法國海軍長驅直入,封鎖了澎湖列島,臺灣一帶。中法雙方在陸海方面各有勝負,呈現一種均勢,并非清朝單方面的勝利。

      福建馬尾船廠

        更讓清朝心寒的是越南對此的態度,這時候的越南阮氏政府不僅公開斷絕與清朝的宗藩關系,燒毀清朝給予的玉璽金印,甚至開門揖盜,正是基于法理依據的缺失,讓清政府在權衡利弊下,選擇了“舍越南保臺灣”的策略。

      越南法式建筑——主席府

      與“為什么中法戰爭為什么打贏了還得簽訂不平等條約?”相關內容推薦
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