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      悠悠千古事是中國歷史網,主要收集和分享中國歷史人物故事、歷史名人、歷史故事等。

      以史為鏡,可以知興替,以人為鏡,可以明得失!(www.bjzhmgsls.com)

      當前位置:悠悠千古事 > 戰史風云 > 長勺之戰中為什么弱小的魯國能戰勝強大的齊國?

      長勺之戰中為什么弱小的魯國能戰勝強大的齊國?

      發布時間:2017-06-07  來源:悠悠千古事 點擊次數:

        長勺之戰是發生在中國春秋時代齊國與魯國之間的一場戰役,發生于周莊王十四年(公元前684年)的長勺(今山東省萊蕪)。此次戰役是繼干時之戰后齊、魯另一次重要戰役。

        長勺之戰中為什么弱小的魯國能戰勝強大的齊國?下面我們來分析分析:

        1、策略方面。戰爭結束后,魯莊公向曹劌詢問是役取勝的原委。曹劌回答說:“用兵打仗所憑恃的是勇氣。第一次擊鼓沖鋒時,士氣最為旺盛;第二次擊鼓沖鋒,士氣就衰退了;等到第三次擊鼓沖鋒,士氣便完全消失了。齊軍三通鼓罷,士氣已完全喪盡,而相反我軍士氣卻正十分旺盛,這時實施反擊,自然就能夠一舉打敗齊軍”。接著曹劌又說明未立即發起追擊的原因:齊國畢竟是實力強大的國家,不可等閑視之,而要謹防其佯敗設伏,以避免己方不應有的失利。后來看到他們的車轍紊亂,望見他們的旌旗歪斜,這才大膽地建議實施戰場追擊。這就是“一鼓作氣,再而衰,三而竭”的來源。

        2、莊公方面。長勺戰前,魯軍由于干時的失敗,莊公既能作復仇雪恥的戰爭準備,又能破例接待既無官職、又無名望的曹劌,并能開誠布公地和他討論戰勝敵人的戰略,這是難能可貴的。戰斗中又按照曹劌的意見,掌握有利于反攻和追擊的時機,從而獲得了勝利。

        3、曹劌方面。從曹劌戰前決策、戰場指揮和戰后分析的諸多言行里,可以看到魯軍取得長勺之戰的勝利乃有其必然性。魯國統治者在戰前進行了“取信于民”的政治準備,為展開軍事行動創造了有利的條件。在作戰中,魯莊公又能虛心聽取曹劌的正確作戰指揮意見, 遵循后發制人、敵疲我打、持重相敵的積極防御、適時反擊的方針,正確地選擇戰場, 正確地把握反攻和追擊的時機,從而牢牢地掌握了戰爭的主動權,贏得戰役的重大勝利。www.bjzhmgsls.com

        我們看看其他人對此戰的評價:

        當代偉大的軍事家、戰略家毛澤東在《中國革命戰爭的戰略問題》一文中,對齊、魯長勺之戰的戰法給予過很高的評價,說戰爭中魯國“采取了敵疲我打的方針,打敗了齊軍,造成中國戰爭史中弱軍戰勝強軍的有名戰例”。曹劌論戰所敘述的原則和長勺戰例,成為中國后世“后發制人”防御戰略思想的寶貴借鑒。

        黃金貴認為戰爭具有十分重大的意義:主要由于魯莊公戰前實行了“取信于民”的政治準備,因而得到人民支持,使魯國取得長勺之勝;這是歷史上可以與井陘、淝水等大戰相并列的以小勝大、以弱勝強、體現戰略防御思想的著名戰例。

        以上就是關于“長勺之戰中為什么弱小的魯國能戰勝強大的齊國?”的故事,喜歡的朋友請繼續關注悠悠千古事,歡迎留言評論。

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