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      垓下之戰中項羽為什么會失敗?

      發布時間:2017-05-24  來源:悠悠千古事 點擊次數:

        項羽在巨鹿之戰中以數萬士兵擊敗四十萬秦軍,按道理來說,項羽作戰能力應該屬于優秀的,但為何在垓下之戰中戰敗,最后還自刎于烏江?

        垓下之戰結局:

        楚、漢兩軍僵持中,漢軍夜間高唱楚歌,楚軍自項羽以下莫不以為漢已盡得楚地,乃士氣崩潰,項羽帶二十八騎逃至烏江,自覺無顏見江東父老,最終自刎烏江。項羽死后,漢軍全殲八萬楚軍,楚地皆降漢,獨項羽原封地的魯人不肯投降(楚懷王曾封項羽為魯公),后劉邦將項羽首級示魯,魯人乃降。至此,歷時4年半之久的楚漢戰爭終以劉邦的勝利而告終。

        垓下之戰,漢軍適時發起戰略追擊,積極調集援兵,多路圍攻,以絕對優勢兵力全殲楚軍,創造了中國古代大規模追擊戰的成功戰例。垓下之戰,是楚漢相爭中決定性的戰役,它既是楚漢相爭的終結點,又是漢王朝繁榮強盛的起點,更是中國歷史上具有里程碑意義的轉折點,它結束了秦末混戰的局面,統一了中國,奠定了漢王朝四百年基業。

        垓下之戰項羽失敗的原因:

        1、西楚國位于長江以北的全部土地均已失陷,十萬楚軍成為絕對的孤軍;

        2、楚軍缺糧已經幾個月,士兵饑餓,軍隊根本沒有半點補給;

        3、漢軍聯兵約七十萬,且精力飽滿、糧食充足、士氣旺盛,而項羽孤軍十萬,連續久戰疲憊,決戰之時已是十二月的大冬天,而楚軍剛從廣武前線上撤下來,未經補給,多為穿著夏秋季的裝備,寒冷饑餓,士氣潰散;

        4、漢軍分五路有秩序推進,先占楚土,再行合圍,步步為營,包圍圈完善,楚軍難以發動突然性的反攻;

        5、楚軍離江東五郡距離遙遠,即使沖破包圍圈,也很難在漢軍的追擊下及時回到己方領土,可以說是“突圍無效”。

        就是在這樣一種情況之下,韓信三十萬主力于劉邦本部軍二十多萬合兵一股,排出五座連陣,向盤距于垓下困守的十萬楚軍發起了最后的進攻!

        韓信率主力大軍五、六十萬,排出了這樣一個陣形:韓信親率三十萬大軍居中,為前鋒主力;將軍孔熙率軍數萬為左翼;陳賀率軍數萬為右翼;劉邦率本部主力尾隨韓信軍跟進,將軍周勃率軍斷后。www.bjzhmgsls.com

        其實失敗是注定的,看看在哪里被打敗而已。為什么這么說?

        1、不識人才。韓信剛開始是先去項羽那里謀求職位的,只不過項羽不重視,后來才到了劉邦那里。其實劉邦剛開始也不看好韓信,但是劉邦有蕭何幫他追韓信,而沒有人幫項羽追韓信。

        2、優柔寡斷。鴻門宴中,項羽要是果斷一點,聽取范增的意見,劉邦這個對手早就消滅了,但是歷史沒有如果。

        以上就是關于“垓下之戰中項羽為什么會失敗?”的故事,喜歡的朋友請繼續關注悠悠千古事,歡迎留言評論。

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