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      當前位置:悠悠千古事 > 戰史風云 > 桂陵之戰結果與影響

      桂陵之戰結果與影響

      發布時間:2017-04-13  來源:悠悠千古事 點擊次數:

        桂陵之戰是歷史上一次著名截擊戰,發生在河南長垣西北。公元前354年(周顯王十五年),魏圍攻趙都邯鄲,次年趙向齊求救。齊王命田忌、孫臏率軍援救。孫臏認為魏以精銳攻邯鄲,國內空虛,于是率軍圍攻魏都大梁,使魏將龐涓趕回應戰。孫臏卻在桂陵(一說山東菏澤,一說河南長垣)伏襲,打敗魏軍,并生擒龐涓。孫臏在此戰中避實擊虛、攻其必救,創造了“圍魏救趙”戰法,成為兩千多年來軍事上誘敵就范的常用手段。

        桂陵之戰結果:

        桂陵之戰并沒有擊潰魏軍主力,齊國也沒有正式進攻魏國首都大梁,趙國首都邯鄲仍為魏國所占領。

        公元前352年(周顯王十七年),魏惠王調用韓國的軍隊擊敗包圍襄陵的齊、宋、衛聯軍,齊國被迫請楚國大將景舍出面調停,各國休戰。

        公元前351年(周顯王十八年),魏惠王與趙成侯在漳河邊結盟,撤出趙國首都邯鄲。大約在此時齊國將龐涓釋放,使其回魏國再度為將。

        桂陵之戰評價:

        魏國的失敗,就是齊國戰略方針的正確和孫臏作戰指揮的高時。在戰略上,抓住有利時機:在作戰指揮方面,能正確分析敵強我弱的局面,選擇適宜的作戰方法,進攻敵人的要害又是空虛的大梁,然后以逸待勞,乘機打了一個漂亮的襲擊戰。另外田忌虛心聽取意見。從善如流,也是戰勝的前提。至于魏軍最后的失敗,也在于戰略上未能掌握動向。

        魏軍失敗的原因:1、統軍主將對未來的危機預料不足,在遇到敵軍攻伐非主城時沒有判斷出敵軍的下一步行動,國內兵力空虛。2、料敵不明,沒有探察清楚就貿然追擊,孤軍深入。

        齊軍勝利原因:1、孫臏冷靜分析出了當時戰場的形勢,直接出兵攻打魏軍并不能造成魏國較大的損失。而圍魏救趙則可以一箭雙雕。2、拋卻小利,誘敵深入。

        桂陵之戰影響:

        孫臏用圍攻魏國的辦法來解救趙國的危困,這在中國歷史上是一個很有名的戰例,被后來的軍事將領們列為三十六計中的重要一計。圍魏救趙這一避實就虛的戰法為歷代軍事將領所欣賞,至今仍有其生命力。www.bjzhmgsls.com

        桂陵之戰遺址:

        桂陵之戰遺址坐落在山東菏澤市曹州牡丹園的東區,有桂陵紀念碑亭,有千年桂陵古井,園多年從事牡丹新品種選育工作,曾育出‘粉中冠'、‘冠世墨玉'、‘紫瑤臺'、趙粉、等著名品種。

        以上就是關于“桂陵之戰結果與影響”的故事,喜歡的朋友請繼續關注悠悠千古事,歡迎留言評論。

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