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      當前位置:悠悠千古事 > 戰史風云 > 巨鹿之戰勝在破釜沉舟的勇氣?項羽手里的底牌你想象不到

      巨鹿之戰勝在破釜沉舟的勇氣?項羽手里的底牌你想象不到

      發布時間:2018-06-28  來源:悠悠千古事 點擊次數:

        項羽是秦朝末期著名軍事人才,他出生名門之后,從小就以勇武聞名。他戎馬一生,從年少時投身反秦戰爭,到中年期間的“楚漢之爭”,其間給我們留下了許多傳奇故事。然而,讓他一戰成名的還是巨鹿之戰,正是在這場戰役中,項羽帶領楚軍,一舉擊潰秦軍40萬的主力部隊,從而加速了秦朝的滅亡。很多人都覺得,項羽之所以取得這場戰斗的勝利,是因為他只給戰士們留下了3天多的口糧,從而激發了士兵的斗志,從而完成了以少勝多的壯舉。

        

      巨鹿之戰勝在破釜沉舟的勇氣?項羽手里的底牌你想象不到

       

        破釜沉舟

        真相也許在此,真相不僅于此。據多方資料推測,項羽之所取得巨鹿之勝,至少還有三大“秘密武器”發揮了作用。

        第一個武器:醺軍營。巨鹿之戰前夜,“羽思慮頗多,唯有先鋒速捷方可成也,故賜酒醺軍前鋒,以圖破敵”。什么意思呢,就是在大戰前夜,項羽也在考慮如何用自己的5萬人對抗秦軍的40萬人,思來想去,只有一戰即勝方可持久。于是決定讓醺軍出馬。醺軍,就是醉醺醺的軍隊。當酒精麻痹了神經,戰士就會像打了興奮劑,不顧生死。第二天的戰斗也證實了這一點,真是一群瘋子般的前鋒部隊壓倒了秦軍的氣勢,才讓戰斗一開始就傾向于楚軍。

        

      巨鹿之戰勝在破釜沉舟的勇氣?項羽手里的底牌你想象不到

       

        醺軍戰士

        第二個武器:滾地營。滾地營是一種特殊兵種,他們的主要作戰方式是挖地道,從后方沖擊敵人防線。這種戰術早在西周時期就有了雛形,《封神演義》中的雷震子其實就是這種戰術的原型。據史載,秦軍與楚軍在巨鹿戰斗正激烈時,突然從側后方地下冒出幾百楚地勇士,一手舉盾,一手持刀專攻敵人戰馬下盤。頓時“秦軍大驚,不知所措也”。正是這幾百人,讓秦軍陣腳大亂,雙方的平衡瞬間被打破。

        

      巨鹿之戰勝在破釜沉舟的勇氣?項羽手里的底牌你想象不到

       

        江湖術士

        第三個武器:江湖術士。古人多迷信,在進行重大事項前,都要設立儀式祭祀天地,以示尊重。而項羽更是精于此道,他直接在大營里培養了一大批類似巫師的角色,他們的任務就是把楚軍氛圍打扮的怪異恐怖。據史載:“巨鹿之役二日,楚陣中突起大白龍,身長10丈,嘯聲震天,章邯受驚后退“。這句話的意思是在巨鹿大戰中,楚軍陣中突然出現一條白龍,有10丈那么長,而且發出的呼嘯聲風雷震動,秦軍統帥章邯都嚇得連連后退。自然界肯定沒有這種生物的,唯一的可能就是江湖術士們表演幻術來恐嚇秦軍罷了。

        

      巨鹿之戰勝在破釜沉舟的勇氣?項羽手里的底牌你想象不到

       

        大白龍

        所以,在激烈的戰爭中,左右勝負的關鍵因素也許不是你想象那么簡單,一些不為人知的細節才是真故事。

      與“巨鹿之戰勝在破釜沉舟的勇氣?項羽手里的底牌你想象不到”相關內容推薦
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