"/>

    <form id="nvffh"><sub id="nvffh"></sub></form>

    <progress id="nvffh"><meter id="nvffh"><b id="nvffh"></b></meter></progress>

    <big id="nvffh"></big>

    <progress id="nvffh"></progress>

    <address id="nvffh"></address>
    <big id="nvffh"></big><progress id="nvffh"></progress>

      <progress id="nvffh"></progress>
      悠悠千古事是中國歷史網,主要收集和分享中國歷史人物故事、歷史名人、歷史故事等。

      以史為鏡,可以知興替,以人為鏡,可以明得失!(www.bjzhmgsls.com)

      當前位置:悠悠千古事 > 歷史人物 > 炎帝簡介 炎帝的貢獻

      炎帝簡介 炎帝的貢獻

      發布時間:2017-04-10  來源:悠悠千古事 點擊次數:

        炎帝,是中國上古時期姜姓部落的首領尊稱,號神農氏,又號魁隗氏、連山氏、列山氏,別號朱襄(尚有爭議,也有說朱襄氏部落曾有三代首領尊號炎帝)。

        傳說姜姓部落的首領由于懂得用火而得到王位,所以稱為炎帝。從神農起姜姓部落共有九代炎帝,神農生帝魁,魁生帝承,承生帝明,明生帝直,直生帝氂,氂生帝哀,哀生帝克,克生帝榆罔,傳位五百三十年。

        炎帝所處時代為新石器時代,炎帝故里目前有六地之爭,分別是:陜西寶雞、湖南會同縣連山、湖南株洲炎陵縣、湖北的隨州、山西高平、河南柘城。炎帝部落的活動范圍在黃河中下游,在姜水(一說是今寶雞市渭濱區的清姜河,一說是今寶雞市岐山縣的岐水。)一帶時部落開始興盛,最初定都在陳地,后來又將都城遷移到曲阜。

        相傳炎帝牛首人身,他親嘗百草,發展用草藥治病;他發明刀耕火種創造了兩種翻土農具,教民墾荒種植糧食作物;他還領導部落人民制造出了飲食用的陶器和炊具。


        參與涿鹿之戰

        據說蚩尤族善于制作兵器,其銅制兵器精良堅利,且部眾勇猛剽悍,生性善戰,擅長角牴,進入華北地區后,首先與炎帝部族發生了正面沖突。蚩尤族聯合巨人夸父部族和三苗一部,用武力擊敗了炎帝族,并進而占據了炎帝族居住的“九隅”,即“九州”。炎帝族為了維持生存,遂向同集團的黃帝族求援。

        黃帝族為了維護炎黃集團的整體利益,就答應炎帝族的請求,將勢力推向東方。這樣,便同正乘勢向西北推進的蚩尤族在涿鹿地區相遭遇了。當時蚩尤族集結了所屬的81個支族(一說72族),在力量上占據某種優勢,所以,雙方接觸后,蚩尤族便倚仗人多勢眾、武器優良等條件,主動向黃帝族發起攻擊。黃帝族則率領以熊、羆、狼、豹、雕、龍、鸮等為圖騰的氏族,迎戰蚩尤族,并讓“應龍高水”,即利用位處上流(《山海經》中曰靈山)的條件,在河流上筑土壩蓄水(以蓄水沖了蚩尤寨),以阻擋蚩尤族的進攻。

        炎帝有什么貢獻呢?

        一、制耒耜,種五谷,奠定了農工基礎。耒耜的使用和種五谷,解決了民以食為天的大事,促進了農業生產的發展,為人類由原始游牧生活向農耕文明轉化創造了條件。

        二、嘗百草,開醫藥先河。據《帝王世紀》載,神農“嘗味草木,宣藥療疾,救夭傷人命”。為嘗百草,一日之間而遇七十毒。炎帝炎帝在與大自然,與疾病作斗爭中,為后世醫藥事業的發展奠定了基礎。

        三、立市廛,首辟市場。據《周易•系辭下》載“神農”日中為市,致天下之民,聚天下之貨,交易而退,各得其所"。神農發明的以日中為市,以物易物的市場是我國貨幣,商業發展的起源和基石。

        四、治麻為布,民著衣裳。原始人本無衣裳,僅以樹葉,獸皮遮身,神農教民麻桑為布帛后,人們才有了衣裳,這是人類由朦昧社會向文明社會邁出的重大一步。

        五、作五弦琴,以樂百姓。據《世本•下篇》載,神農發明了樂器,他削桐為琴,結絲為弦,這種琴后來叫神農琴。神農琴“長三尺六寸六分,上有五弦:曰、宮、商、角、徵、羽”。這種琴發出的聲音,能道天地之德,能表神農之和,能使人們娛樂。

        六、削木為弓,以威天下。神農始創了弓箭,有效地防止了野獸的襲擊,有力地打擊了外來部落的侵犯,保衛了人們的生命安全和勞動成果。

        七、制作陶器,改善生活。在陶器發明前,人們加工處理食物,只能用火燒烤,有了陶器,人們對食物可以進行蒸煮加工,還可以貯存物品,釀酒,消毒。陶器的使用,改善了人類的生活條件,對人類的飲食衛生和醫藥發展產生了深遠的影響。

        為了促使人們有規律地生活,按季節栽培農作物,炎帝神農還立歷日,立星辰,分晝夜,定日月,月為三十日,十一月為冬至。

        炎帝管理部落,治理天下很有方法。他不望其報,不貪天下之財,而天下共富之。智貴于人,天下共尊之。他以德以義,不賞而民勤,不罰而邪正,不忿爭而財足,無制令而民從,威厲而不殺,法省而不煩,人民無不敬戴。www.bjzhmgsls.com

        炎帝還是我國教育的始祖。他教民使用工具,教民播種五谷,教民醫藥,教民制陶、繪畫,教民弓箭、獵獸、健身,教民制琴、教民音樂、舞蹈,還教民智德。可見,炎帝時期,德、智、體、美得到了全面重視和發展。

        炎帝神農氏對人類的發展作出了巨大的貢獻。炎帝精神,首要的是創業精神,奉獻精神,敢為人先的創造精神,百折不撓,自強不息的進取精神。炎帝精神使中華后裔在與自然和社會的斗爭中,擺脫愚昧和野蠻,追求先進與文明。這種精神使華夏民族獲得了高度的團結和統一。炎帝神農氏、神農文化、農業文明,文明依寄著人性化神明而發展,又促使人性化神明升華為一個民族的文明支柱,不僅構成了世界文明史中絢爛多彩的重要組成,而且成為人類文明寶庫中不可多得的文化瑰寶。

        以上就是關于“炎帝簡介炎帝的貢獻”的故事,喜歡的朋友請繼續關注悠悠千古事,歡迎留言評論。

      與“炎帝簡介 炎帝的貢獻”相關內容推薦
      說點什么吧
      • 全部評論(0
        還沒有評論,快來搶沙發吧!
      最新更新
      • 人物
      • 真相
      • 戰史
      • 文化
      • 野史
      • 社會
      熱門圖文
      點擊排行
      • 周排行榜
      • 月排行榜
      • 總排行榜
      7070彩票 www.99552nn.com | www.8819819.com | www.689244.com | www.yh22778.com | 0044.cc | www.497789.com | 1389b.com | www.js56772.com | 5804h.com | www.599141.com | www.pj5756.com | 78114444.com | www.13434e.com | 3936o.com | www.77802i.com | www.yinhe400.com | 472741.com | www.37377q.com | y00351.com | www.356477.com | www.492049.com | 30064.com | www.323535.com | www.86611x.com | www.50052i.com | www.97060g.com | mgm11999.com | www.28czj.com | www.58777a.com | 36406611.com | www.sx1844.com | www.1869z.com | 61327777.com | www.0343o.com | www.wxr77.com | JS1388k.com | www.5446gg.com | v3405.com | www.858899a.com | www.199499.com | 7599.at | www.2408c.cc | www.5522q.cc | www.8694o.com | 28747.com | www.78680w.com | 51200oo.com | 99988807.com | www.6687n.com | 97799y.com | hr499.com | www.js56772.com | www.6033q.com | bet888777.com | www.win9789.com | www.v16677.com | 1634x.com | www.82894d.com | www.3643x.com | 8510.com | www.5091r.com | www.xpj5003.com | 4556f.com | www.c6569.com | www.06066.com | netsoft2012.com | www.560721.com | www.5504b.com | 678888.vip | www.035079.com | www.hh55826.com | 8790vns11.com | www.607356.com | www.hg98j.com | 50000944.com | k1458.com | www.77802p.com | www.492013.com | 3416n.com | www.160913.com | www.77780yh.com | www.63877o.com | 06386363.com | www.512411.com | www.79095a.com | www.hg33711.com | 69990b.com | www.216777a.com | www.8806488.com | 005495.com | 1389ff.com | www.xcn6.com | www.00773n.com | www.033033t.com | 9464005.com | www.022sc.cc | www.5446ll.com | www.81866a.com | 3424s.com | www.607252.com | www.18131.com | www.4107c.com | 3568o.com | www.166127.com | www.jj4625.com | www.pj9448.com | 38345l.com | 98982325.com | www.50080c.com | www.79500.net | www.wn2038.com | 37775145.com | 7720o.com | www.37377z.com | www.767.cc | feicai023.com | 111122aa.com | www.550417.com | www.6667758.com | www.kk6444.com | 3169v.com | 7920com.com | www.454556.com | www.085993.com | www.28686.com | 21866n.com | 9993657.com | www.076069.com | www.52303h.com | www.19019j.com | www.004455.net | fuli1.com | xx888b.com | www.795917.com | www.ykylc08.com | www.85857u.com | www.j3577.com | 614151.com | 93936t.com | www.359932.com | www.98528g.com | www.7415v.com | www.9068vv.com | 228888b.com | tz22666.com | baifucp11.com | www.022gx.cc | www.18690a.com | www.js6829.com | www.rf615.com | www.68666q.com | 00774ww.com | 118888c.com | www.217030.com | www.68682g.com | www.313965.com | www.153msc.com | www.86611f.com | 6766yy.com | xpj5003.com | 66300vip16.com | www.911888aa.com | www.js7591.com | www.3066nn.com | www.886889.com | www.gt885.com | 5hga.com | 3467q.com | 7x3777.com | hgw89.com | www.593411.com | www.05500w.com | www.qiji111.com | www.4212s.com | www.hg5506.com | www.147891635.com | 61323300.com | 8547pp.com | 3568kk.com | v2894.com | ccidnet.com | www.186379.com | www.hf0668.com | www.65707d.com | www.159957.com | www.45598z.com | www.998855g.com | www.js81122.com | www.6491a.com | 6363ss.com | q58955.com | 4340h.com | 00048v.com | 111122aa.com | 99567v.com | 6245p.com | b2490.com | www.368200.com | www.hw8222.com | www.26878n.com | www.18690a.com | www.6889796.com | www.xpj8896.com | www.4828558.com | www.58665v.com | www.www-58944.com | www.133242.com | www.9068aa.com | www.yddc666.com | www.hg635.com | 0747t.com | j47479.com | 3222v.cc | 2846p.com | 28758f.com | 预览2381.com | 22293232.com | 4052aa.com | 6830r.com | feicai0415.com | wx789.com | 3522rr.com | 91019a.com | gg7742.com | 00048y.com | hd4242.com | qq365a.com | 8xh.vip | zzc55.com | 33qq8331.com | 8520f.com | www.574377.com | www.6482.com | www.bwinyz08.com | www.hga8080.com | 8449tt.com | www.302029.com | www.54400j.com | www.6687j.com | www.4888789.com | 20204.com | xpj8920.com | 44999193.com | 732669.com | www.3126c.com | www.0066psb.com | www.2945f.com | www.166242.com | 35441444.com | 983888p.com | 5647y.com | drcp444.com | www.934680.com | www.771478.com | www.40288l.com | www.2y936.com | www.3333740.com | www.4123mm.com | yhxjaomen.vip | 4995e.com | 4060hh.com | 25511.com | www.572899.com | www.58677.cc | www.99yh21.com | www.mgm868002.com | www.dg533.com | www.67797e.com | 3644f.com | 61321111.com | nn500e.com | 879.com | 91019h.net | t365r.com | www.175906.com | www.839991.com | www.61233pp.com | www.166518.com | www.026688.com | www.4078u.com | www.haomen2002.com | www.653pj.com | www.54549944.com | www.hg1668.com | www.x32126.cc | www.amjs119.com | www.07679w.com | www.b35yy.com | www.4212o.com | www.874858.com | www.k779977.com | www.778l.com | www.89928.com | www.5254y.com | www.w8867.com | www.pj7897.com | www.yh8888.cc | www.9844js.com | 66775002.com | 500599.com | 06006e.com | www.120048.com | www.0600n.cc | www.789199a.com | 588lll.cc | 2003822.com | www.wns8818.com | byyl.com | 20771122.com | www.cr1112.com | www.76060d.com | www.ab678.com | www.87680s.com | www.4107s.com | www.b27229.com | www.535msc.com | www.vns8906.com | www.xb0021.com | www.xpj5003.com | www.hg9166.com | www.0866.com | www.4963ee.com | www.88mgm777.com | www.u98478.com | www.ya2019e.com | www.21202t.com | www.1368b.cc | www.djcp009.com | www.301823.com | 844.cc | 5004e.com | 3559qq.com | 4116c.com | www.mgm9987.com | www.14168c.com | 50099n.com | 82093.com | 83086e.com | 272c.net | so88888.cc | 6199w.com | www.330zr.com | www.20x0048.com | www.22667712.com | www.198004.com | www.115527a.com | www.hg0335.com | www.36788s.com | www.978797.com | www.307683.com | 4048eee.com | 703669.com | 01234ttt.com | 2767g.com | www.63877o.com | www.wf5588.com | www.twcp05.com | www.xpj11008.com | www.33588d.com | www.652776.com | 5802xx.com | 3559pppp.com | 0606b.com | www.777xin2.com | www.pj5757.com | www.88xxcp.com | www.42070013.com | www.022hk.cc | 8881300.com | 93922k.com | 8381zz.com | www.6033c.com | www.55155f.com | www.9737kk.me | www.5856878.com | www.657zf.com | www.35155e.com | toucai55.com | 3009z.com | www.js520345.com | www.twcp55.com | www.hg7226.com | www.c6092.com | 683bet.com | 0612b.com | 22296uu.com | www.40288z.com | www.599424.com | 4488x.com | www.cp66611.com | www.88325m.com | dzj223.com | 55545e.com | www.00778x.com | www.79566.com | www.514177.com | 3730.com | LXYL360.com | www.98qxw.com | www.258908.com | www.w984.com | dj0009.com | 9068p.com | www.85770p.com | www.b456x.com | www.290227.com | www.376387.com | 7335g.com | t3144.com | www.df5550.com | www.0099psb.com | www.756764.com | kdcp.cc | 081736.com | www.k1235.com | www.ky1001.com | www.41518u.com | 4955u.com | www.8694d.com | www.7366002.com | www.fh2622.com | 77605k.com | 5004ss.com | www.dfh300.com | www.52072d.com | 27878oo.com | pj08080.com | www.173msc.com | www.tai3366.com | www.89894i.com | 316i.cc | www.ag4444.com | kk3397.com | www.u30226.com | www.69567n.com | www.369061.com | xhtd12345.com | www.pj8288.com | www.y98c.com | 4270cc.com | 76886t.com | www.901690.com | www.hg3222.com | 99567z.com | 28758k.com | www.zgzcw.com | www.15010.cc | yl66yl11.com | www.298345.com | www.cn365c.com | www.yi648.com | 52688e.com | www.6786j.com | www.8839m.com | k00333.com | www.wn816.com | www.500770.com | 8036m.com | www.pj3234.com | www.06820k.com | www.281110.com | 239430.com | www.pj9909.com | www.yh234c.com | www.526609.com | zzylc2.com | www.hg1115k.com | www.1764t.com | www.170882.com | 2096e.com | www.cfcp777.com | 1705x.com | www.a30666.com | www.fcsj.com | 07322222.com | www.345445.com | www.7782i.com | 2247ss.com | www.pz015.com | www.40288o.com | 5002aaa.com | www.38200g.com | www.614377.com | yh77776.com | www.m222999.com | www.60108w.com | pjjiangxi.com | www.63002.com | www.855312.com | 4486699.com | www.848777u.com | www.43131j.com | 1407h.com | www.777577.com | 66300vip41.com | www.h11666.com | www.909888.com | 33ss8332.com | www.69567q.com | 0906vip8.com | www.yh04b.com | www.hf6880.com | wns1.net | www.3w555.com | 2455o.com | www.77888js.com | www.899342.com | 55ff8331.com | www.3691a.com | 6868567.cc | www.990707.com | www.232651.com | 4812e.com | www.81233f.com | 7726eee.com | www.89599h.com | 5002aaa.com | www.9679x.com | www.969949.com | www.927793.com | s47479.com | www.954321i.com | 00773aa.com | www.5146z0.com | spj5577.com | www.yh8449.com | www.677375.com | hg33382.com | www.66332m.com | 7893w51.com | www.883399f.com | 3778.com | www.50024x.com | 3187.com | 7744ppp.com | 88770.cc | www.50052p.com | www.196081.com | www.8814e7.com | bj2222.com | www.999345.com | www.dfh618.com | www.32123v.com | www.399146.com | www.55526z.com | 80368t.com | www.082706.com | www.820031.com | www.yun770.com | 5855ff.com | www.83993s.com | www.43012l.com | xpj518.com | www.570477.com | www.00773o.com | 2246sun.com | 2267x.com | www.97655y.com | www.jp328.com | 533177.com | www.330875.com | www.8j3.com | www.33366638.com | w3298.com | www.22fzc.com | www.x4042.com | feicai0838.com | feicai0423.com | www.ya2019s.com | www.0885k.com | 82365t.com | www.342577.com | www.40288k.com | www.2090944.com | 38238y.com | www.fcff0.com | www.4406488.com | 463.am | bet893.com | www.dfyk3.com | www.jz95566.com | 1479r.com | 20042.com | www.975559.com | www.3116n.com | www.5555wnsr.com | 6261001.com | www.546868.com | www.58908a.com | www.32666o.com | pj00hh.com | 3522yy.com | www.99677j.com | www.suncity12.com | 5804g.com | xx888u.com | www.887771.com | www.704907.com | www.9996oo.com | 40420022.com | youfa99.vip | www.50088c.com | www.rgcp15.com | www.68666i.com | renxinbo.cc | www.383897.com | www.db486.com | www.14900c.com | 6245.bet | 50067y.com | www.390706.com | www.35898e.com | www.vipxl.3009300930093009.com | 2535a.com | 1654zz.com | www.404977.com | www.606010.com | www.397888b.com | 1305005.com | 42842827.com | 73055x.com | www.5091a.com | www.xpj448888.com | www.453022.com | 951201.com | 6095app.com | www.394811.com | www.9646k.com | www.tc8805.com | www.yh8213.com | 4152e.com | 0907.am | www.621410.com | www.6678686.com | www.tw7788.com | www.617702.com | 50299.net | bmw8099.com | www.338071.com | www.71233b.com | www.55060o.com | www.36989c.com | 6601.cc | w69441100.com | 2767h.com | www.916570.com | www.6678697.com | www.0057c.com | www.66930011.com | 0022886.com | am772.cc | blr6033.com | www.310383.com | www.66376.com | www.hg888111.com | www.3696699.com | www.8694o.com | 518cp99.com | 8159d.cc | 67890dd.com | www.170569.com | www.104ak.com | www.77424.com | www.r32939.com | www.935770.com | www.hg880333.com | 80850kk.com | qq365h.com | 3550s.com | www.197802.com | www.2qxc.com | www.9646k.com | www.115527s.com | www.yingle55.com | www.546suncity.com | 8520m.com | hubo8.cc | 600089v.com | 3844oo.com | 66300vip21.com | www.755690.com | www.26299q.com | www.3775f.com | www.0042737.com | www.hg7814.com | www.8007js.com | www.k80282.com | pj911a.cc | 5856q.com | 033x.net | 2373h.com | 7894f.com | www.512477.com | www.ban54.com | www.81520m.com | www.f63568.com | www.208432.com | www.c44aa.com | www.xpj180.com | www.4938m.com | www.188589.com | f2554.com | 702240.com | 35222cc.com | 8988gg.com | 60876g.com | 00048q.com | 7727.com | www.71233i.com | www.520691.com | www.919725.com | www.022gs.cc | www.21202s.com | www.hg99957.com | www.234567.pw | www.130013.com | www.377666s.com | www.00772l.com | www.rgcp111.com | www.yingle33.com | www.7498.com | www.wns47.com | www.xpj238886.com | www.www6161msc.com | www.xpj3368.com | www.5588hg.com | www.jh839.com | 6146o.com | 1294a.com | ks3337.com | 3121cc.com | jsjlb55.com | 2418p.com | 2247z.com | d8503.com | 2060099.com | 2613y.com | u2649.com | ysb8.com | 14680123.com | www.3435222.com | www.573495470.com | www.a1a222.cc | www.hg9016.com | www.hwx88.com | www.wnsr838.com | www.x7088.com | www.56520l.com | www.3834504.com | www.zr305.com | www.sss355.com | www.msc93.com | www.467233.com | www.k779977.com | www.5966uuu.com | www.6001343.com | www.a81b.cc | www.28000b.com | www.bb012.com | www.4058bb.com | www.w84i.com | www.554690.com | www.9192666.com | www.83993y.com | www.41211.cc | www.hf6660.com | www.663566.com | www.330832.com | P35ss.com | 4636622.com | dh3868.com | 76543e.com | 566777o.com | df8v.com | 11989i.com | www.817558.com | www.58777z.com | www.js645.com | www.35252x.com | www.5981n.com | www.hgbet4.com | www.36585555.com | www.8816e.com | www.819759.com | www.196081.com | v3544.com | 8200com | 71707i.com | feicai0798.com | www.0222hg.com | www.vns6985.com | www.6666hs.com | www.829797g.com | www.56011s.com | www.84499j.com | www.cp3.mobi | www.060640.com | 8577o.cc | 7n3777.com | 66882007.com | www.591109.app | www.1hg88.us | www.27363y.com | www.69567y.com | www.81678l.com | www.914903.com | 9964wz.com | 1335h.com | 8h888.com | 621155.com | www.u22365.com | www.99827.com | www.e063801.com | www.772222.com | www.861099.com | dzyy634.com | 10050714.com | 33318i.com | www.30099.com | www.448222.com | www.7415jj.com | www.1466y.com | www.zuan333.com | www.88266u.com | m45638.com | 1466o.com | www.long8139.com | www.hg5779.com | www.bwinyz32.com | www.bet73g.com | www.912481.com | 3304n.com | 0524.com | mm2649.com | www.546suncity.com | www.8839.com | www.js18683.com | www.921599.com | 3018dd.com | hb99402.com | 51200aa.com | www.msc51.com | www.377666i.com | www.50026b.com | www.yc7701.com | 8547rr.com | z2146.com | www.0044hg.com | www.pj6368.com | www.67jsc.com | www.878455.com | 6175v.com | tt40033.com | www.ag88100.com | www.333777j.com | www.81608y.com | www.803241.com | 3mgmmmm.com | bwin8k.com | www.5319tt.com | www.net567.com | www.36788m.com | 4116u.com | 0860dh.com | www.4123020.com | www.4719aa.com | www.0601s.com | www.296979.com | nnnn19927.com | 5804a.com | www.xj2233.com | www.99094v.com | www.629965.com | 80032277.com | 3245n.com | www.00708.com | www.ykylc09.com | www.338053.com | bwin8o.com | 22205.com | www.2y935.com | www.81233hh.com | 56787.com | 53358i.com | www.9996ll.com | www.06820v.com | www.cai009.vip | 1468jjj.com | 2306n.com | www.393222.com | www.88266l.com | 91019i.com | 80850hh.com | www.js778911.com | www.8911333.com | www.501210.com | 068089.com | www.yinhe9507e.com | www.4996cz.com | www.915196.com | 4288a.com | www.56733x.com | www.4694x.com | www.003ac.com | am56.cc | 6647u.com | www.c526688.com | www.9050.cc | 81366u.com | 11018e.com | www.89599o.com | www.979673.com | 3656ss.com | www.jh820.com | www.4996cq.com | www.755874.com | 13820000.com | www.u27229.com | www.zpw100.com | www.89894v.com | 455yh.com | www.767a.cc | www.35918y.com | 99225156.com | www.k88891.com | www.4996gg.com | www.560652.com | pp67890.com | www.1596c.com | www.15355i.com | 3522ww.cc | 3644x.com | www.357107.com | www.377183.com | j1505.com | www.tk828.com | www.08588b.com | 1636004.com | www.808xpj.com | www.6889.am | 88559vip.com | 26431818.com | www.19019t.com | www.621329.com | 3566.com | www.861000.com | www.3552m.com | dzhcp7.com | www.558077.com | www.c17848.com | 175080.com | www.767xpj.com | www.4809h.com | jxddcs.com | hg71710.com | www.2000g.cc | www.71399i.com | 3009y.com | www.673888k.com | www.219077.com | 9655365.com | www.98698g.com | www.456685.com | 35qq.vip | www.28000c.com | www.331215.com | 2325.cc | www.bwinyz46.com | www.091069.com | wp16777.com | www.6880gg.com | 79964c.com | 3131aa.cc | www.74737.com | 2998006.co | www.7hg88.com | www.37377i.com | 2247ss.com | www.2846z.com | www.50051j.com | 4809g.com | www.38789b.com | www.914907.com | 9339999z.com | www.5596877.com | www.053059.com | 6868cc.cc | www.057v.com | 39199l.com | www.y8867.com | www.5484a.com | 51133r.com | www.370193.com | www.363067.com | 66876v.com | www.0612i.com | 3568cc.com | www.pj2256.com | www.3416d.com | 4189111.com | www.901148.com | www.51515v.com | www.sjs14.com | www.ampj3438.com | 7xh.vip | www.911.hk | www.345835.com | 185647.com | www.ihg5544.com | yf2666.com | www.657714.com | www.338073.com | cp11993.com | www.9533888.com | mgm.am | www.47711.com | www.235952.com | 4631188.com | www.0194006.com | 68228l.com | www.2945m.com | zyxxd.com | www.3569f.com | www.6364z.com | wnsr8828.com | www.x3410.com | 4255pp.com | www.hg7211z.com | www.429689.com | 15856g.com | www.68568s.com | 4152i.com | www.91779t.com | 80368kk.com | www.467233.com | www.197620.com | www.333hwx.com | www.3478x.cc | 55545u.com | www.ra7909.com | 99909k.com | www.71071w.com | d3410.com | www.yl222.com | www.330985.com | www.8816ks.com | www.092wy.com | 3254.com | www.818225.com | 4022cc.com | www.30350i.com | dod688.com | www.bd2019f.com | 44488n.com | www.234345.com | www.50051v.com | www.87680x.com | www.738500.com | www.yun770.com | www.022hn.cc | 55899m.com | www.77114h.com | 7222730.com | www.6678565.com | 9068ww.com | www.pjc11.vip | 4270oo.com | www.4058ww.com | evuyl.com | www.7415ww.com | wxylc98953.com | www.77731l.com | 3559c.com | www.2822msc.com | 6245g.com | www.967808.com | 009900.cc | www.42842818.com | 56988n.com | www.3agcpw.com |